Elements of Art

  • Form is an element of art that is three-dimensional and encloses volume. Cubes ,spheres,and cylinders are examples of various forms.

  • Line is an element of art which refers to the continuos mark made on some surface by a moving point. It may be two dimensional, like a pencil mark on a paper or it may be three dimensional(wire) or implied( the edge of a shape or form) often it is a outline,contour or silhouette.

  • Shape is an enclosed space defined by other elements of art. Shapes may take on the appearance of two-d or three- objects.

  • Color is an element of art with three properties:

    1. Hue-the name of the color, e.g. red, yellow, etc.
    2. Intensity-the purity and strength of the color such as bright ness or dullness.
    3. Value-the lightness or darkness of the color.

  • Texture refers to the surface quality or "feel" of an object, such as roughness, smoothness, or softness. Actual texture can be felt while simulated textures are implied by the way the artist renders areas of the picture.

  • Space refers to the distance or area between, around, above or within things. It can be a description for both 2 and 3 dimensional portrayals.

  • Value describes the lightness or darkness of a color. Value is needed to express volume.


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